Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), commonly known as shin splints, is a condition that causes leg pain along the inner side of the tibia (shinbone), particularly nearer to the ankle. This condition commonly affects runners and patient often reports throbbing pain or ache during runs.
Risk factors of medial tibial stress syndrome include:
Medial tibial stress syndrome is caused by consistent damage to the cortical bone of the tibia (shinbone), resulting in inflammation and pain. However, the exact mechanism of injury is not adequately understood and there are 2 proposed theories at present:
Signs and symptoms include:
The treatment for medial tibial stress syndrome requires a combination of treating the injury and its underlying cause. This holistic approach will ensure a better outcome and a lower risk of recurrence.
When left untreated, this condition may eventually lead to a medial tibial stress fracture.
Treatment options for medial tibial stress syndrome include: